I test di tossicità in vitro e le analisi genomiche sono più accurate degli studi su animali in questo campo: il caso del tabacco

[Manuppello JR, Sullivan KM. Toxicity assessment of tobacco products in vitro. Altern Lab Anim. 2015 Mar;43(1):39-67.]

Abstract:

Driven by new regulatory demands to demonstrate risk reduction, the toxicity assessment of tobacco products increasingly employs innovative in vitro methods, including biphasic cell and tissue cultures exposed to whole cigarette smoke at the air-liquid interface, cell transformation assays, and genomic analyses. At the same time, novel tobacco products are increasingly compared to traditional cigarettes. This overview of in vitro toxicology studies of tobacco products reported in the last five years provides evidence to support the prioritisation of in vitro over in vivo methods by industry and their recommendation by regulatory authorities.

Nel testo:

“Combining data from human cells and tissues with existing data from human epidemiology and clinical studies, may provide insights into potential harm reduction strategies, while avoiding the extrapolation issues often associated with in vivo animal studies.
In general, studies that use in vitro methods have the ability to assess potential MRTPs more quickly and to provide more-specific, actionable and human relevant data than do animal studies. In vitro models can also better reflect genetic and environmental differences within the human population (54), which can be important for tobacco addiction (55) and toxicity (56) studies“.

 

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